September 2012 – Peace and conflict in the ethnic borderlands

Displaced children by the Thanlwin river

Civil war has been raging in Myanmar for decades. After President Thein Sein assumes office, a new peace process is initiated, with ceasefires in the Karen and Kayah States. But the same year, fighting revives in the Kachin State, spreading into the northern Shan State and displacing over 100,000 people. Buddhist-Muslim violence also breaks out in the Rakhine State, displacing more communities. The country’s humanitarian crisis remains grave. The country is ranked 149th out of 187 countries in the UN Human Development index. Myanmar also has some of the highest incidence of malaria, HIV and tuberculosis in Asia, but just $12 US per person is spent on health every year.

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