March 2016 – The National League for Democracy wins office

Aung San Suu Kyi speaking
to supporters at National League for Democracy (NLD) headquarters. Photo Htoo Tay Zar

After a quarter century in democratic opposition, the National League for Democracy (NLD) assumes government office after winning a landslide victory in the November 2015 general election. A new peace process, known as the 21st Century Panglong Conference, is initiated, but progress is slow, and a new conflict crisis erupts in Rakhine State. During the next two years, over 700,000 Rohingya Muslim refugees flee into Bangladesh, while armed struggle revives among the Buddhist Rakhine population. Political and economic liberalisations continue, but formidable challenges remain as Myanmar’s peoples seek to build reforms together in the new political era.

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